Natural Stone Types
Natural Stone Types
Traditionally, the term Marble was used by stonemasons to describe any stone that would receive a polished surface. However, from a geological point of view, Marble is defined as Limestone that has undergone thermal metamorphism. This process of metamorphism results in a dense, closed surface, although some materials may have slight open veining or surface cavities.
Marble has been used in ancient structures for thousands of years because of its wide variety of beautiful hues and mineral veins. Some Marble tiles or slabs with particularly prominent veins may have a mesh backing applied to the back of the tile predominantly to strengthen the material during handling and cutting. It is also common practice to apply the resin filler to cavities and open veins before or after processing.
Marble is a very dense stone that easily matches the finish, but is also available in Honed and Tumbled finishes.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock formed by the consolidation of sediments, seashells, and other organic matter. This calcareous stone constitutes our widest product range.
Each Limestone exhibits its own characteristic colors and markings and can vary greatly in density. Some Limestones have a similar appearance to traditional Marbles, which can often lead to misclassification. Some degree of edge chipping with occasional surface voids, fossilized shells, fissures, mineral streaks and resin infill should be expected.
Limestone is an acid sensitive material and therefore care must be taken to use the right products during cleaning.
Travertine begins as a calcareous dispersion that is later precipitated by hot mineral springs. The result of this formation method is a honeycomb structure with visible surface voids and voids when finished.
Travertine usually comes in 'cross-cut' or 'vein-cut' formats. Grainy tiles are cut so that the surface plane of the tile is parallel to the existing long grains, cross-cut tiles are cut perpendicular to these grains. After the tiles are cut, they are either filled with a resin suitable for their color or left unfilled. In general, voids are only left unfilled in Tumbled, Brushed, or Splitface overlays and are filled during the grouting process.
Although filling the voids provides a smoother surface, in general use some small areas of filling may become dislodged or previously unpunched holes may become visible.
This is not unusual and the holes should be refilled with a suitable resin or mortar. Travertine tiles may require additional adhesive to be applied to the back of the tile to fill larger gaps.
This is your answer. The term granite is often used to refer to a wide variety of igneous rocks that result from the slow crystallization of molten magma that cools deep below the earth's surface. Granites are among the hardest stones in our range and are available as a textured Flamed veneer for external application, a Flamed Brushed veneer that offers a softened, tactile surface, or a smooth honed veneer that enhances the stone's details. Due to the nature of this material and the wide variety of mineral crystals that make up this stone, properties can vary greatly and some may be acid sensitive, so please ensure that proper sealing and care guidelines are followed.
Terracotta, meaning 'terracotta', is a type of rustic pottery made from natural clay and then fired in a kiln to cook the clay and produce hard tiles. Clay is hand molded for a more rustic feel or machine molded for a more consistent finish. All Terracotta tiles will be subject to edge chipping and variation, which is part of the finished look of an authentic Terracotta floor. Terracotta is very porous when untreated and therefore unsealed tiles will look very different from your finished floor. Fast-setting adhesives should always be used to minimize the possibility of moisture bloom.
Onyx primarily refers to the parallel-banded variety of the silicate mineral chalcedony.
Agate and onyx are layered varieties of chalcedony that differ only in band shape: agate has curved bands, and onyx has parallel bands.
The colors of their bands range from black to almost any color. Generally, onyx samples contain black and/or white bands. Onyx, as a descriptive term, has been misleadingly applied to varieties of parallel-banded alabaster, marble, calcite, obsidian, and opal.
Natural stone tiles all have different densities and properties and behave differently when cut. It is important to use the best equipment to get the best results.
Cutting should be done using a water-cooled, diamond-bladed bench saw. However, it should be noted that the final aesthetic finish achieved will largely depend on the choice of cutting equipment and the skill level of the manager. Special equipment and knives must be used to cut a specific product being attached.
If necessary, the cutting blade should be emptied during mowing to retain dust and cool the blade.
Please note that high quality diamond blades should always be used. If a blunt or worn diamond blade is used, peeling or peeling may occur on the edge of the tile.
The above instructions are general, for information on specific products, please
A polished finish gives a glossy, shining surface to the stone, highlighting its color and pattern. In the polishing process diamond pads are used to mechanically rub it until it attains a natural gloss.
After coating and sealing, a polished stone becomes completely non-porous and resistant, making it perfect for countertops and interior floors.
A honed finish creates a smooth, natural texture with a range of looks, from a fully matte surface to a satin sheen.
A honing process is composed of grinding and sanding of the stone until it’s fully smooth, but not reflective.
A honed stone is slip-resistant and scratch-resistant, making it perfect for walls and floors of wet areas such as bathrooms and poolside.
A tumbled finish simulates an aging effect on the stone, making it look antique and rustic.
That being said, a tumbled stone still presents a smooth, soft surface, making it suitable for a variety of applications, such as outdoor areas, wet areas, and even backsplashes.